Raisins

History

Grapes are from Caucasia region, actual Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, where traces were found 6000 years ago.

During Antiquity, the culture of wine grape spread all around Mediterranean regions thanks to Romans and Greeks.

As we go along centuries, wine grapes spread out to Europe and the world. 

Production and countries of origin

The main producing countries of raisins are USA, Turkey, Iran, India and China.

Estimated World Raisins, Sultanas & Currants Production 2014/2015
Countries PRODUCTION per TONS
USA                 410 000
TURKEY                 340 000  
IRAN                 170 000  
INDIA                 110 000  
CHINA                 168 000  
CHILE                   55 000  
SOUTH AFRICA                   12 000 
UZBEKISTAN                   28 000  
GREECE                   25 000  
AUSTRALIA                   19 600
ARGENTINA                   16 000  
OTHERS                   51 000  
TOTAL              1 404 600

Source: XXXIII World Nut and Dried Fruit Congress Melbourne May 2014

Harvest

In the northern hemisphere, the harvesting period is during September and October. In the southern hemisphere it is during April and May.

Varieties

There are many varieties of raisins: Corinth raisin, Smyrne raisins from Izmir, Malaga raisins, sultanas, golden raisins… These last two are from Thomas Seedless grape variety that represent 95% of raisins.

The characteristic of Sultanas is a lack of grape seed.

Grades

USA: Size for 100g

Jumbo: 180-200 ; Standard : 220-265 ; Midget : 400-530

 

Turkey: Size for 100g

Jumbo: 250-280 ; Standard : 300-330 ; Medium: 425-475 ; Small : 500-600 ; Mini : 600-700

Colour: they are classified from the darker to the golden.

Cleanness: Grade A, Grade B, Grade C, Grade D

 

Iran: Size for 100g

Normal : 300-350 ; Small : 500-600

 

 Chili

Size: Jumbo : +12mm ; Medium : 10-12mm ; Small : 8-10mm