Grapes are from Caucasia region, actual Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, where traces were found 6000 years ago.
During Antiquity, the culture of wine grape spread all around Mediterranean regions thanks to Romans and Greeks.
As we go along centuries, wine grapes spread out to Europe and the world.
Production and countries of origin
The main producing countries of raisins are USA, Turkey, Iran, India and China.
|Estimated World Raisins, Sultanas & Currants Production 2014/2015|
|Countries||PRODUCTION per TONS|
|SOUTH AFRICA||12 000|
|TOTAL||1 404 600|
Source: XXXIII World Nut and Dried Fruit Congress Melbourne May 2014
In the northern hemisphere, the harvesting period is during September and October. In the southern hemisphere it is during April and May.
There are many varieties of raisins: Corinth raisin, Smyrne raisins from Izmir, Malaga raisins, sultanas, golden raisins… These last two are from Thomas Seedless grape variety that represent 95% of raisins.
The characteristic of Sultanas is a lack of grape seed.
USA: Size for 100g
Jumbo: 180-200 ; Standard : 220-265 ; Midget : 400-530
Turkey: Size for 100g
Jumbo: 250-280 ; Standard : 300-330 ; Medium: 425-475 ; Small : 500-600 ; Mini : 600-700
Colour: they are classified from the darker to the golden.
Cleanness: Grade A, Grade B, Grade C, Grade D
Iran: Size for 100g
Normal : 300-350 ; Small : 500-600
Size: Jumbo : +12mm ; Medium : 10-12mm ; Small : 8-10mm