Brazil nuts is the fruit from the Amazonia nut tree or Brazil nut tree, one of the biggest tree in Amazonia because it can be 30 meters tall.
The first mark of Amazonia nuts go back during the XVIth century. The Spanish colonist harvested them to feed the men because this nut is highly nutritive.
During the XVIIth century, Brazil and Netherlands begun to trade these nuts. But it’s only since the XIX century that this trade is vital for this Amazonia region.
Brazil nuts are the last wild nut harvest in handmade way. This cultivation permit to preserve Amazonia forest by slow down deforestation.
Today, the bigger producer of Amazonia nuts is Bolivia.
Production and countries of origin
The countries of origin are all countries from Amazonia. But only Bolivia, Brazil and Peru are exporters.
Bolivia produce 75% of the global production in world.
|Estimated World Brazil Nuts in Kernel Basis Production 2014/2015|
|Countries||PRODUCTION per TONS|
Source : XXXIII World Nut and Dried Fruit Congress Melbourne May 2014
Fruits begin to ripe in November but the harvesting period is from January to March.
The harvest is on wild trees, workers pick the nuts on floor. Then, the nuts are dry in the sun.
The size is the number of nuts per pound.
Nuts in shell:
Extra large : 35/40 ; Large : 40/45 ; Extra Medium : 50/55 ; Medium : 57/62 ; Small : >70
Large : 90/110 ; Medium : 110/130 ; Small : 140/160 ; Midget : 160/180 ; Ziny : 180/220
Appearance: Whole, Broken, Pieces,