Brazil nuts

Brazil nuts is the fruit from the Amazonia nut tree or Brazil nut tree, one of the biggest tree in Amazonia because it can be 30 meters tall.

History

The first mark of Amazonia nuts go back during the XVIth century. The Spanish colonist harvested them to feed the men because this nut is highly nutritive.

During the XVIIth century, Brazil and Netherlands begun to trade these nuts. But it’s only since the XIX century that this trade is vital for this Amazonia region.

Brazil nuts are the last wild nut harvest in handmade way. This cultivation permit to preserve Amazonia forest by slow down deforestation.

Today, the bigger producer of Amazonia nuts is Bolivia.

Production and countries of origin

The countries of origin are all countries from Amazonia. But only Bolivia, Brazil and Peru are exporters.

Bolivia produce 75% of the global production in world.

Estimated World Brazil Nuts  in Kernel Basis Production 2014/2015
Countries PRODUCTION per TONS
BOLIVIA                    21 050  
BRAZIL                      3 100  
PERU                      3 655  
TOTAL                    27 800

Source : XXXIII World Nut and Dried Fruit Congress Melbourne May 2014

Harvest

Fruits begin to ripe in November but the harvesting period is from January to March.

The harvest is on wild trees, workers pick the nuts on floor. Then, the nuts are dry in the sun.

Grades

The size is the number of nuts per pound.

Nuts in shell:

Extra large : 35/40 ; Large : 40/45 ; Extra Medium : 50/55 ; Medium : 57/62 ; Small : >70

Nuts shelled:

Large : 90/110 ; Medium : 110/130 ; Small : 140/160 ; Midget : 160/180 ; Ziny : 180/220

Appearance: Whole, Broken, Pieces,