Peanuts

Peanuts aren’t dried fruit but an oleaginous fruit.

History

Groundnuts are originating from Amazonia basin and probably from Brazil.

In China, peanuts were used since immemorial time where they are highly appreciated. There are many peanuts used in Asian cuisine.

Peanuts were imported on American continent by the Spaniard. Portuguese spread the culture and trade from Africa until Philippines.

 

Production

China and India are the main producing area but they aren’t a lot present on international trade market. Indeed, major part of their production is for local consumption (almost 90% of the total production is kept).

Estimated Peanuts World Production 2013/2014
Countries Production per millions of tons
China 16,6
India 5
USA 2,97
Nigeria 1,55
Indonesia 1,15
Argentina  1,01
Vietnam 0,55
Brazil 0,26
South Africa 0,12
Nicaragua 0,12
Mexico 0,09
Others 7,76
Total  37,18

Source : nutfruit.org

Harvest

With harvest mechanization, we use a machine that cut the main root of the peanuts plant just below the groundnuts. Then, the machine remove the soil by shaking the plant. After, the plant is turn over to dry in the sun during few days.

The harvesting period is from end of August until end November.

 

Countries of origin

Varieties

There are a lot varieties but commercials ones are:

  • Runner

  • Spanish

  • Virginia

  • Valencia

Grades

Peanuts in shell

Giant: 7/9mm ; Jumbo: 9/11 ; Fancy: 11/13mm ; Small sized: 15/18mm

Peanuts shelled

For long type peanuts as Virginia: 24/38 ; 28/32 ; 34/38 ; 38/42 ; 45/55

For round type peanuts as Runner: 25/35 ; 35/40 ; 40/50 ; 50/60 ; 60/70 ; 70/80 ; 80/100

For blanched peanuts: 25/29 ; 29/33 ; 35/39 ; 36/41 ; 41/51 ; 51/61